Nouns with Person inflection

Possessed Nouns

Observation
ᒪᔅᒋᓯᓐᐦ Click here to hear this word maschisinh shoes
ᓂᒪᔅᒋᓯᓐᐦ Click here to hear this word nimaschisinh my shoes

To express possession, nouns take a personal prefix indicating the person of the possessor; for example, ni- chi-, or u-.

ᒪᔅᒋᓯᓐ Click here to hear this word maschisin a shoe
ᓂᒪᔅᒋᓯᓐ   nimaschisin my shoe
ᒋᒪᔅᒋᓯᓐ   chimaschisin your shoe
ᐅᒪᔅᒋᓯᓐ   umaschisin his shoe
ᒨᐦᑯᒫᓐ   muuhkumaan a knife
ᓂᒨᐦᑯᒫᓐ Click here to hear this word nimuuhkumaan my knife
ᒋᒨᐦᑯᒫᓐ   chimuuhkumaan your knife
ᐅᒨᐦᑯᒫᓐ Click here to hear this word umuuhkumaan his/her knife

The personal prefixes used on nouns for possession are almost the same as the ones used on verbs for inflection (to indicate the participants in the action).

ᓂᒨᐦᑯᒫᓐ Click here to hear this word nimuuhkumaan my knife
ᓂᓂᐹᓐ Click here to hear this word ninipaan I sleep

Paradigm Tables for Possession

ᑖᐱᔥᑳᑲᓐ taapishkaakan (na) scarf, necktie
POSSESSORNOUNEnglish TRANSLATION
2 ᒋᑖᐱᔥᑳᑲᓐ Click here to hear this word chitaapishkaakan your scarf
2 ᒋᑖᐱᔥᑳᑲᓂᒡ   chitaapishkaakanich your scarves
1 ᓂᑖᐱᔥᑳᑲᓐ Click here to hear this word nitaapishkaakan my scarf
1 ᓂᑖᐱᔥᑳᑲᓂᒡ   nitaapishkaakanich my scarves
2p ᒋᑖᐱᔥᑳᑲᓂᐧᐋᐤ Click here to hear this word chitaapishkaakaniwaau your (plural) scarf
2p ᒋᑖᐱᔥᑳᑲᓂᐙᐅᒡ   chitaapishkaakaniwaauch your (plural) scarves
21p ᒋᑖᐱᔥᑳᑲᓂᓅ Click here to hear this word chitaapishkaakaninuu our (including you) scarf
21p ᒋᑖᐱᔥᑳᑲᓂᓅᒡ   chitaapishkaakaninuuch our (including you) scarves
1p ᓂᑖᐱᔥᑳᑲᓂᓈᓐ Click here to hear this word nitaapishkaakaninaan our (excluding you) scarf
1p ᓂᑖᐱᔥᑳᑲᓂᓈᓂᒡ   nitaapishkaakaninaanich our (excluding you) scarves
3 ᐅᑖᐱᔥᑳᑲᓐᐦ Click here to hear this word utaapishkaakanh his/her scarf / scarves
3p ᐅᑖᐱᔥᑳᑲᓂᐧᐋᐤᐦ Click here to hear this word utaapishkaakaniwaauh their scarf / scarves
3′(p) ᐅᑖᐱᔥᑳᑲᓂᔫᐦ Click here to hear this word utaapishkaakaniyuuh his/her/their scarf / scarves
ᒨᐦᑯᒫᓐ muuhkumaan (ni) knife
POSSESSORNOUNEnglish TRANSLATION
2 ᒋᒨᐦᑯᒫᓐ Click here to hear this word chimuuhkumaan your knife
2 ᒋᒨᐦᑯᒫᓐᐦ   chimuuhkumaanh your knives
1 ᓂᒨᐦᑯᒫᓐ Click here to hear this word nimuuhkumaan my knife
1 ᓂᒨᐦᑯᒫᓐᐦ   nimuuhkumaanh my knives
2p ᒋᒨᐦᑯᒫᓂᐧᐋᐤ Click here to hear this word chimuuhkumaaniwaau your (plural) knife
2p ᒋᒨᐦᑯᒫᓂᐙᐤᐦ   chimuuhkumaaniwaauh your (plural) knives
21p ᒋᒨᐦᑯᒫᓂᓈ Click here to hear this word chimuuhkumaaninuu our (including you) knife
21p ᒋᒨᐦᑯᒫᓂᓈᓐᐦ   chimuuhkumaaninuuh our (including you) knives
1p ᓂᒨᐦᑯᒫᓂᓈᓐ Click here to hear this word nimuuhkumaaninaan our (excluding you) knife
1p ᓂᒨᐦᑯᒫᓂᓈᓐᐦ   nimuuhkumaaninaanh our (excluding you) knives
3 ᐅᒨᐦᑯᒫᓐ Click here to hear this word umuuhkumaan his/her knife
3 ᐅᒨᐦᑯᒫᓐᐦ   umuuhkumaanh his/her knives
3p ᐅᒨᐦᑯᒫᓂᐧᐋᐤ Click here to hear this word umuuhkumaaniwaau their knife
3p ᐅᒨᐦᑯᒫᓂᐙᐤᐦ   umuuhkumaaniwaauh their knives

Some nouns take an extended stem when possessed, other nouns always take personal prefixes, they are called dependent nouns.

Click here to go back to Nouns Nouns Click here to go to the top Top