The word above comes in two forms: ᐊᐧᐊᔥ awaash and ᐊᐧᐋᔕᒡ awaashach. The second form is made up of the first form plus an ending: awaash + ach.
The form ᐊᐧᐊᔥ awaash is called the stem of the noun. When the form ᐊᐧᐊᔥ awaash is used without any ending, it is called SINGULAR. It means that there is just one. When the second form ᐊᐧᐋᔕᒡ awaashach is used, with the ending -ach , it is called PLURAL, and it means that there is more than one. This appears clearly when you use ‘one’, ‘two’ or ‘three’ with the noun:
|ᐯᔭᒄ ᐊᐧᐋᔥ||peyakw awaash||one child||singular|
|ᓃᔓ ᐊᐧᐋᔕᒡ||niishu awaashach||two children||plural|
|ᓂᔥᑐ ᐊᐧᐋᔕᒡ||nishtu awaashach||three children||plural|
This distinction between one and more than one is called NUMBER.
Some nouns take another ending for their plural.
|ᒪᔅᒋᓯᓐ||maschisin||a shoe||ᐊᔥᑐᑎᓐ||ashtutin||a hat|
These nouns are called INANIMATE (see Gender).