Cree verb classes
|ᒥᓯᓂᐦᐧᐋᐤ||misinihwaau||She writes him (his name) down|
|ᒥᓯᓂᐦᐊᒻ||misiniham||She is writing it|
|ᒥᓯᓈᓲ||misinaasuu||She (her name) is written down|
|ᒥᓯᓈᑖᐤ||misinaataau||It is written|
Where English uses the same verb to write, Cree makes a difference depending on two factors: transitivity and gender.
Based on the number of roles that a verb has and the gender (animate, inanimate) of these roles, four main classes of verbs stems can be established.
|One Role (Intransitive)||Animate Intransitive (VAI)||Inanimate Intransitive (VII)|
|Two Roles (Transitive)||Transitive Animate (VTA)||Transitive Inanimate (VTI)|
Most verbs will have specific forms for each of these classes: VII, VTI, VTA or VAI, identified by different endings and different stems [see verb stems, verb inflection].
The following Cree definitions are suggested for these four classes:
|VII (Inanimate Intransitive)||ᐋ ᐃᔅᐱᔨᒡ/ᐋ ᐃᔑᓈᑯᐦᒡ ᒑᐧᑳᓐ||aa ispiyich/aa ishinaakuhch chaakwaan|
|VAI (Animate Intransitive)||ᐋ ᐃᐦᑎᒃ ᐊᐧᐋᓐ||aa ihtik awaan|
|VTI (Transitive Inanimate)||ᐋ ᐃᐦᑑᑎᐦᒃ ᒑᐧᑳᔨᐤ||aa ihtuutihk chaakwaayiu|
|VTA (Transitive Animate)||ᐋ ᐃᐦᑑᑎᐧᐋᑦ ᐊᐧᐋᔨᐤᐦ||aa ihtuutiwaat awaayiuh|
|APA:||Junker, M.-O., Salt, L., & MacKenzie, M. (2015). East Cree Verbs (Northern Dialect). [Revised and expanded from 2006 original edition] In The Interactive East Cree Reference Grammar. Retrieved from [URL]|
|MLA:||Marie-Odile Junker, Luci Salt and Marguerite MacKenzie. East Cree Verbs (Northern Dialect). [Revised and expanded from 2006 original edition] In The Interactive East Cree Reference Grammar. 2015. Web. [date]|
[URL] = website address, beginning with “http://”
[Date] = the date you accessed the page, styled as follows: 13 Dec. 2015