Derived Verbs (Secondary)

Verbs of Being (“to be…”)

Observation
ᐅᐦᑖᐧᐄ + ᒫᐆ     ᐅᐦᑖᐧᐄᒫᐆ
uhtaawii + maau + u = Click here to hear this word uhtaawiimaauu
he is a father     he is a father

The verb ᐅᐦᑖᐧᐄᒫᐆ uhtaawiimaauu he is a father is derived by taking the noun ᐅᐦᑖᐧᐄᒫᐤ uhtaawiimaau a father and adding the verb suffix -u at the end to make a verb meaning he is a father.

Verbs expressing kinship:

  Noun   “S/he Is…”   “I Am…”
  ᐅᐦᑖᐧᐄᒫᐤ   ᐅᐦᑖᐧᐄᒫᐆ   ᓅᐦᑖᐧᐄᒫᐅᓐ
Click here to hear this word uhtaawiimaau Click here to hear this word uhtaawiimaauu Click here to hear this word nuuhtaawiimaaun
  a father   he is a father   I am a father
  ᐅᑳᐧᐄᒫᐤ   ᐅᑳᐧᐄᒫᐆ   ᓅᑳᐧᐄᒫᐅᓐ
Click here to hear this word ukaawiimaau Click here to hear this word ukaawiimaauu Click here to hear this word nuukaawiimaaun
  a mother   she is a mother   I am a mother
  ᐅᔅᑌᓯᒫᐤ   ᐅᔅᑌᓯᒫᐆ   ᓅᔅᑌᓯᒫᐅᓐ
Click here to hear this word ustesimaau Click here to hear this word ustesimaauu Click here to hear this word nuustesimaaun
  an older brother   he is an older brother   I am an older brother
  ᐅᐦᑯᒥᒫᐤ   ᐅᐦᑯᒥᒫᐆ   ᓅᐦᑯᒥᒫᐅᓐ
Click here to hear this word uhkumimaau Click here to hear this word uhkumimaauu Click here to hear this word nuuhkumimaaun
  a grandmother   she is a grandmother   I am a grandmother
  ᐅᒧᔓᒥᒫᐤ   ᐅᒧᔓᒥᒫᐆ   ᓅᒧᔓᒥᒫᐅᓐ
Click here to hear this word umushumimaau Click here to hear this word umushumimaauu Click here to hear this word nuumushumimaaun
  a grandfather   he is a grandfather   I am a grandfather

 

For the second person personal prefix of possessed forms, the variant kuu- is used, not chu-.

ᑰᐦᑖᐧᐄᒫᐅᓐ ᐋ Click here to hear this word kuuhtaawiimaaun aa? Are you a father?

Other verbs:

  Noun   Verb “S/he is…”   Verb “I am…”
  ᓈᐯᐤ   ᓈᐯᐆ   ᓂᓈᐯᐅᓐ
Click here to hear this word naapeu Click here to hear this word naapeuu Click here to hear this word ninaapeun
  a man   he is a man   I am a man
  ᐊᐧᐋᔥ   ᐊᐧᐋᔑᔫ   ᓂᑕᐧᐋᐦᐃᔪᓐ
Click here to hear this word awaash Click here to hear this word awaashiyuu Click here to hear this word nitaawaashiyun
  child   s/he is young   I am young

 

Often these forms are used by children when playing pretend games.

  Noun   Verb “S/he is…”   Verb “I am…”
  ᐊᑎᒻ   ᐊᑎᒨ   ᓂᑕᑎᒧᓐ
Click here to hear this word atim Click here to hear this word atimuu Click here to hear this word nitatimun
  dog   s/he is a dog   I’m a dog
  ᐅᑖᐹᓐ   ᐅᑖᐹᓅ   ᓅᑖᐹᓄᓐ
Click here to hear this word utaapaan Click here to hear this word utaapaanuu Click here to hear this word nuutaapaanun
  car   s/he is a car   I’m car

ᐅᑖᐹᓅ utaapaanuu also means (more commonly) s/he has a car, which is not a u- stem verb but a -i verb stem. Contrast the firt person form: nuutaapaanin I have a car.