Dyck, C., & Junker, M.-O. (2010).
The Sounds of East Cree. In The Interactive East Cree Reference Grammar. Retrieved from [URL]
Carrie Dyck and Marie-Odile Junker.
The Sounds of East Cree. In The Interactive East Cree Reference Grammar. 2010. Web. [date]
[URL] = website address, beginning with “http://”
[Date] = the date you accessed the page, styled as follows: 13 Dec. 2015
Under certain conditions, vowels can be pronounced with a final glottal stop [ʔ]. A glottal stop is the sound you hear in the middle of the English word uh-oh; it feels like a catch in your throat.
In Southern East Cree, when a long vowel or a diphthong occurs before a [tʃ] sound, you can hear a glottal stop before the [tʃ].
[waː -ˈpaːʔ- ʃe ]
[a -ˈweːʔ – ʃe ]
[mi – chi -ˈsuːʔ – ʃe ]
Similarly, in the Northern dialect, you can hear a glottal stop before the [tʃ]. In this dialect the glottal stop that occurs with
dubitative inflection or dubitative pronouns is often written chi.
[waː -ˈpaːʔ – ʃaː ]
[a -ˈwaːʔ – ʃaː ]
[mi – chi -ˈsuːʔ – ʃaː ]
Words that end in a vowel can also be optionally pronounced with a glottal stop when they are pronounced by themselves (that is, when they are not in a sentence). However, this doesn’t happen if the word already ends with an [h] sound.
puu – shi
[ ˈpu ̞ – ʃiʔ ]
nuuti – mii – waa – siu
[ nu̞ːt – miː – ˈwaː – suʔ ]
pwaash – tuu
[ ˈpɔːʃ – tu̞ʔ ]
Words with only one vowel sound are often pronounced with a glottal stop when they are pronounced in isolation. You can hear the glottal stop right after the vowel.
[ ˈaːʔ – n ]
[ ˈiːʔ – n ]
[ ˈiːʔ ]