Derived Verbs (Secondary)

Verbs of Possession (“to have…”)

Observation
  ᒪᔅᒋᓯᓐ   ᐅᒪᔅᒋᓯᓐ   ᐅᒪᔅᒋᓯᓅ
Click here to hear this word maschisin Click here to hear this word umaschisin Click here to hear this word umaschisinuu
  a shoe   his/her shoe   s/he has shoes

The verb ᐅᒪᔅᒋᓯᓅ umaschisinuu S/he has shoes. is made up from the possessed noun ᐅᒪᔅᒋᓯᓅ umaschisin his/her shoe and the verb ending -uu to make a verb meaning S/he has shoes.

Such verbs of possession can be formed by the addition of a secondary suffix to a possessed noun with a third-person prefix, and, if required, the possessive suffix -im. The verb underlying stem vowel is -i followed by inflection -u which becomes -uu.

  Noun   Possessed Noun   Verb “S/he has…”   Verb “I have…”
  ᒪᔅᒋᓯᓐ   ᐅᒪᔅᒋᓯᓐ   ᐅᒪᔅᒋᓯᓅ   ᓄᒪᔅᒋᓯᓂᓐ
Click here to hear this word maschisin Click here to hear this word umaschisin Click here to hear this word umaschisinuu Click here to hear this word numaschisinin
  shoe   his/her shoe   s/he has shoes   I have shoes
       
  ᐊᐧᐋᔥ   ᐅᑕᐧᐋᔑᔒᒻᐦ   ᐅᑕᐧᐋᔑᔒᒨ   ᓄᑕᐧᐋᔑᔒᒥᓐ
Click here to hear this word awaash Click here to hear this word utawaashishiimh Click here to hear this word utawaashishiimuu Click here to hear this word nutawaashishiimin
  child   his/her child   s/he has a child/children   I have a child/children
               
Words which already begin with u- do not usually add another u- at the beginning.
      ᐅᔥᑎᐧᑳᓐ   ᐅᔥᑎᐧᑳᓅ   ᓅᔥᑎᐧᑳᓂᓐ
    Click here to hear this word ushtikwaan Click here to hear this word ushtikwaanuu Click here to hear this word nuushtikwaanin
      his/her head   s/he has brains (is smart)   I am smart
          s/he has a head   I have a head

For the second person personal prefix of possessed forms, the variant ku- is used for many words, not chu-.

ᑯᑕᐧᐋᔒᒥᓐ Click here to hear this word kutawaashiimin you have a child
ᑰᐦᑖᐧᐃᔨᓐ Click here to hear this word kuuhtaawiyin you have a father