Verbs of Possession (“to have…”)
|a shoe||his/her shoe||s/he has shoes|
The verb ᐅᒪᔅᒋᓯᓅ umaschisinuu S/he has shoes. is made up from the possessed noun ᐅᒪᔅᒋᓯᓅ umaschisin his/her shoe and the verb ending -uu to make a verb meaning S/he has shoes.
Such verbs of possession can be formed by the addition of a secondary suffix to a possessed noun with a third-person prefix, and, if required, the possessive suffix -im. The verb underlying stem vowel is -i followed by inflection -u which becomes -uu.
|Noun||Possessed Noun||Verb “S/he has…”||Verb “I have…”|
|shoe||his/her shoe||s/he has shoes||I have shoes|
|child||his/her child||s/he has a child/children||I have a child/children|
|Words which already begin with u- do not usually add another u- at the beginning.|
|his/her head||s/he has brains (is smart)||I am smart|
|s/he has a head||I have a head|
For the second person personal prefix of possessed forms, the variant ku- is used for many words, not chu-.
|ᑯᑕᐧᐋᔒᒥᓐ||kutawaashiimin||you have a child|
|ᑰᐦᑖᐧᐃᔨᓐ||kuuhtaawiyin||you have a father|