Derived Verbs (Secondary)

Verbs of Possession (“to have…”)

Observation
  ᒥᔅᒋᓯᓐ    ᐅᒥᔅᒋᓯᓐ   ᐅᒥᔅᒋᓯᓂᐤ᙮
Click here to hear this word mischisin Click here to hear this word umischisin Click here to hear this word umischisiniu.
  a shoe   his/her shoe   S/he has shoes.

The verb ᐅᒥᔅᒋᓯᓂᐤ umischisiniu s/he has shoes is made up from the possessed noun ᐅᒥᔅᒋᓯᓐ umischisin his/her shoe and the verb ending -iu to make a verb meaning s/he has shoes

Such verbs of possession can be formed by the addition of a secondary suffix to a possessed noun with a third-person prefix, and, if required, the possessive suffix -im. The verb underlying stem vowel is -i followed by inflection -u which becomes -iu.

Noun Possessed Noun Verb “S/he has…” Verb “I have…”
  ᒥᔅᒋᓯᓐ   ᐅᒥᔅᒋᓯᓅ   ᐅᒥᔅᒋᓯᓅ᙮   ᓅᒥᔅᒋᓯᓂᓐ᙮
Click here to hear this word mischisin Click here to hear this word umischisin Click here to hear this word umischisiniu. Click here to hear this word nuumischisinin.
  shoe   his/her shoe   S/he has shoes.   I have shoes.
  ᐊᐧᐋᔑᔥ   ᐅᑎᐧᐋᔑᔒᒻᐦ   ᐅᑎᐧᐋᔑᔒᒥᐤ   ᓅᑎᐧᐋᔑᔒᒥᓐ
Click here to hear this word awaashish Click here to hear this word utiwaashishiimh Click here to hear this word utiwaashishiimiu Click here to hear this word nuutiwaashishiimin
  child   his/her child   s/he has a child/children   I have a child/children
Words which already begin with u- do not usually add another u- at the beginning.
      ᐅᔥᑎᐧᑳᓐ   ᐅᔥᑎᐧᑳᓂᐤ᙮   ᓅᔥᑎᐧᑳᓂᓐ᙮
    Click here to hear this word ushtikwaan Click here to hear this word ushtikwaaniu. Click here to hear this word nuushtikwaanin.
      his/her head   S/he has brains (is smart).   I am smart.
          S/he has a head.   I have a head.

An exception is made for a few names of relatives (kinship terms) in the northern dialect:

Stem Dependant Noun Verb “S/he has…” Verb “I have…”
  ᐅᐦᑖᐧᐄ   ᐅᐦᑖᐧᐄᒫᐤ    ᐅᐦᑖᐐᐤ᙮   ᓅᐦᑖᐧᐄᓐ᙮
Click here to hear this word uhtaawi Click here to hear this word uhtaawiih Click here to hear this word uhtaawiiu. Click here to hear this word nuuhtaawiin.
  father   his/her father   S/he has a father.   I have a father.
  ᐅᐦᑯᒻ   ᐅᐦᑯᒥᒫᐤ   ᐅᐦᑯᒨ᙮   ᓅᐦᑯᒥᓐ᙮
Click here to hear this word uhkum Click here to hear this word uhkumh Click here to hear this word uhkumuu. Click here to hear this word nuuhkumin.
  grandmother   his/her grandmother   S/he has a grandmother.   I have a grandmother.
  ᐅᐦᑯᒥᔅ   ᐅᐦᑯᒥᔅᐦ   ᐅᐦᑯᒥᓯᐤ᙮   ᓅᐦᑯᒥᓯᓐ᙮
Click here to hear this word uhkumis Click here to hear this word uhkumish Click here to hear this word uhkumisiu. Click here to hear this word nuuhkumisin.
  uncle/step-father   his/her uncle/step-father   S/he has a uncle/step-father.   I have a uncle/step-father.

For the second person personal prefix of possessed forms, the variant ku- is used for many words, not chu- (young speakers tend to do this).

ᑰᑎᐧᐋᔑᔒᒥᓐ Click here to hear this word kuutiwaashishiimin you have a child
ᑰᐅᐦᑖᐧᐄᓐ Click here to hear this word kuuhtaawiin you have a father
ᑰᒥᔅᒋᓯᓂᓐ Click here to hear this word kuuhkumisin you have an uncle/step-father