Nouns with Person inflection

Extended Stems

ᔒᔒᑉ Click here to hear this word shiishiip a duck
ᓂᔒᔒᐱᒻ Click here to hear this word nishiishiipim my duck

Some nouns, when they are used with personal prefixes, have their stem extended with a suffix -im. These stems are called EXTENDED STEMS.

ᐧᐃᔮᔅ Click here to hear this word wiyaas meat
ᓂᐧᐃᔮᓯᒻ Click here to hear this word niwiyaasim my meat

Paradigm of a possessed noun with extended stem

Nouns possessed by a 1st or 2nd person (can be proximate or obviative, depending on the context):

ᔒᔒᑉ shiishiip (na) duck
2 ᒋᔒᔒᐱᒻ   chishiishiipim your duck
2 ᒋᔒᔒᐱᒥᒡ   chishiishiipimich your ducks
1 ᓂᔒᔒᐱᒻ   nishiishiipim my duck
1 ᓂᔒᔒᐱᒥᒡ   nishiishiipimich my ducks
2p ᒋᔒᔒᐱᒥᐙᐤ   chishiishiipimiwaau your (plural) duck
2p ᒋᔒᔒᐱᒥᐙᐅᒡ   chishiishiipimiwaauch your (plural) ducks
21p ᒋᔒᔒᐱᒥᓅ   chishiishiipiminuu our (including you) duck
21p ᒋᔒᔒᐱᒥᓅᒡ   chishiishiipiminuuch our (including you) ducks
1p ᓂᔒᔒᐱᒥᓈᓐ   nishiishiipiminaan our (excluding you) duck
1p ᓂᔒᔒᐱᒥᓈᓂᒡ   nishiishiipiminaanich our (excluding you) ducks

Nouns possessed by a 3rd person possessor (always obviative):

ᔒᔒᑉ shiishiip (na) duck
3 ᐅᔒᔒᐱᒻᐦ   ushiishiipimh his/her duck / ducks
3p ᐅᔒᔒᐱᒥᐙᐤᐦ   ushiishiipimiwaauh their duck / ducks
3′(p) ᐅᔒᔒᐱᔫᐦ   ushiishiipimiyuuh his/her/their duck / ducks

When the -im suffix is used with dependent nouns it has a special meaning. It means someone else’s.

ᐅᔥᑎᐧᑳᓐ Click here to hear this word ushtikwaan his/her head
ᐅᔥᑎᐧᑳᓂᒻ Click here to hear this word ushtikwaanim his/her (animal) head

Depending on the noun stem, the possessive -im suffix can show up as just -m, -um, -em, or -am, for example: ᓂᐙᐳᔓᒻ niwaapushum my hare/rabbit. Order of suffixes for possessed nouns:

personal + NOUN + possessive + personal + basic
prefix STEM suffix suffix suffix

Note: basic suffixes indicate gender, number, obviation, location and diminutive. For example, the possessed form of a diminutive noun that takes an extended stem will look like this:

ᔒᔒᐱᔥ ᓂᔒᔒᑉ
shiishiipish nishiishiipimish
a little duck my little duck

If you want to indicate the name of the possessor in a Cree sentence, it will appear to the left of the possessed noun. For example:

ᐋᓃ ᐅᒪᓯᓇᐦᐄᑲᓐ ᐊᐙᔕᒡ ᐅᒪᓯᓇᐦᐄᑲᓇᐙᐤᐦ
aanii umasinahiikan awaashach umasinahiikanawaauh
Annie’s book The kids’ books
(literally: Annie, her book) (literally: kids, their books)
ᐋᓃ ᐅᔒᔒᐱᒻᐦ ᐊᐙᔕᒡ ᐅᔒᔒᐱᒥᐙᐤᐦ
aanii ushiishiipimh awaashach ushiishiipimiwaauh
Annie’s duck(s) The kids’ duck(s)
(literally: Annie, her duck(s)) (literally: kids, their duck(s))