Derived Nouns

Nouns Ending in -kan

Observation
  ᑲᐸᑖᐤ     ᑲᐸᑖᑲᓐ
Click here to hear this word kapataau   Click here to hear this word kapataakan
  s/he portages     portage

The inanimate noun ᑲᐸᑖᑲᓐ kapataakan portage is made of the same stem, ᑲᐸᑖ kapataa-, as the VAI verb ᑲᐸᑖᐤ kapataau s/he portages. The noun final -kan is one of a group of finals called concrete finals.  There are many nouns like that, ending in -kan, which are derived from action verbs.

Verb Animate Intransitive Noun Inanimate
  ᔒᐅᐦᑖᒉᐤ   ᔒᐅᐦᑖᑲᓐ
Click here to hear this word shiiuhtaacheu Click here to hear this word shiiuhtaakan
  s/he salts things   salt
  ᒪᓯᓇᐦᐄᒉᐤ   ᒪᓯᓇᐦᐄᑲᓐ
Click here to hear this word masinahiicheu Click here to hear this word masinahiikan
  s/he reads   book
  ᐧᐁᐸᐦᐄᒉᐤ   ᐧᐁᐸᐦᐄᑲᓐ
Click here to hear this word wepahiicheu Click here to hear this word wepahiikan
  s/he sweeps   broom
  ᑎᐸᐦᐄᒉᐤ   ᑎᐸᐦᐄᑲᓐ
Click here to hear this word tipahiicheu Click here to hear this word tipahiikan
  s/he measures   scale, yardstick
  ᔑᔓᐦᐄᒉᐤ   ᔑᔓᐦᐄᑲᓐ
Click here to hear this word shishuhiicheu (C) Click here to hear this word shishuhiikan (C)
  s/he smoothes things   clothing iron
  ᐹᔅᒋᓯᒉᐤ   ᐹᔅᒋᓯᑲᓐ
Click here to hear this word paaschisicheu Click here to hear this word paaschisikan
  s/he shoots   gun
  ᐅᑖᒪᐦᐄᒉᐤ   ᐅᑖᒪᐦᐄᑲᓐ
Click here to hear this word utaamahiicheu Click here to hear this word utaamahiikan
  s/he hammers   hammer
  ᒫᑕᐦᐄᒉᐤ   ᒫᑕᐦᐄᑲᓐ
Click here to hear this word maatahiicheu Click here to hear this word maatahiikan
  s/he scrapes hide   scraper
  ᑲᐸᑖᐤ   ᑲᐸᑖᑲᓐ
Click here to hear this word kapataau Click here to hear this word kapataakan
  s/he portages   portage
  ᒋᒥᐳᑖᐤ   ᒋᒥᐳᑖᑲᓐ
Click here to hear this word chimiputaau Click here to hear this word chimiputaakan
  s/he saws it off   saw
  ᒌᔥᒋᐳᒉᐤ   ᒌᔥᒋᐳᒋᑲᓐ
Click here to hear this word chiishchipucheu Click here to hear this word chiishchipuchikan
  s/he saws it off using a buck saw   buck saw
  ᒫᑯᐦᒉᐤ   ᒫᑯᐦᒋᑲᓐ
Click here to hear this word maakuhcheu Click here to hear this word maakuhchikan
  s/he bites   pliers

Some VTI verb stems can be combined with -kan or -(i)ikan, also to create concrete inanimate nouns.

Verb Inanimate Transitive Noun Inanimate
  ᐹᔅᑌᒋᓇᒻ   ᐹᔅᑌᒋᓂᑲᓐ
Click here to hear this word paastechinam Click here to hear this word paastechinikan
  s/he turns the page   a page
  ᐱᐦᒉᒋᓇᒻ   ᐱᐦᒉᒋᓂᑲᓐ
Click here to hear this word pihchechinam Click here to hear this word pihchechinikan
  s/he folds it   a fold
  ᐸᑯᓀᐦᐊᒻ   ᐸᑯᓀᐦᐄᑲᓐ
Click here to hear this word pakuneham Click here to hear this word pakunehiikan
  s/he makes a hole in it using a tool   a thing used to make a hole
  ᑯᓵᐯᐦᐊᒻ   ᑯᓵᐯᐦᐄᑲᓐ
Click here to hear this word kusaapeham Click here to hear this word kusaapehiikan
  s/he sinks it   a thing used to sink something else
  ᒋᐸᐦᐊᒻ   ᒋᐸᐦᐄᑲᓐ
Click here to hear this word chipaham Click here to hear this word chipahiikan
  s/he closes it   stopper