Derived Verbs (Secondary)

Applicative Verbs: -awaau

Observation
  ᐧᐋᐱᓂᒻ     ᐧᐋᐱᓂᒧᐧᐋᐤ
Click here to hear this word waapinim   Click here to hear this word waapinimuwaau
  s/he throws it     s/he throws for it for him

The verb ᐧᐋᐱᓂᒧᐧᐋᐤ waapinimuwaau s/he throws it for him/her is made from the stem of the verb ᐧᐋᐱᓂᒻ waapinim s/he throws it and the verb final -awaau. Finals like -awaau, -amawaau, -shtamawaau add another participant in the event denoted by the verb. The resulting verb means doing something for someone, with someone, to someone or in place of someone. They are called applicative verbs.

Examples:

  Verb   Applicative Verb
  ᓂᑭᒨ   ᓂᑭᒧᔥᑎᐧᐋᐤ
Click here to hear this word nikimuu Click here to hear this word nikimushtiwaau
  s/he sings   s/he sings to him/her
  ᓃᒥᐤ   ᓃᒦᔥᑎᐧᐋᐤ
Click here to hear this word niimiu Click here to hear this word niimiishtiwaau
  s/he dances   s/he dances with him/her
  ᐅᔑᐦᑖᐤ   ᐅᔑᐦᑎᒧᐧᐋᐤ
Click here to hear this word ushihtaau Click here to hear this word ushihtimuwaau
  s/he makes it   s/he makes it for him/her
  ᒋᒧᑎᐤ   ᒋᒧᑎᒧᐧᐋᐤ
Click here to hear this word chimutiu Click here to hear this word chimutimiwaau
  s/he steals   s/he steals from him/her
      ᑭᒑᒧᑎᐦᐋᐤ
    Click here to hear this word kichaamutihaau
      s/he steals for him/her
  ᒦᒋᓲ   ᒦᒋᓱᔥᑎᒧᐧᐋᐤ
Click here to hear this word miichisuu Click here to hear this word miichisushtimiwaau
  s/he eats   s/he eats for him/her
  ᐧᐋᐱᓂᒻ   ᐧᐋᐱᓂᒧᐧᐋᐤ
Click here to hear this word waapinim Click here to hear this word waapinimuwaau
  s/he throws it   s/he throws for it for him/her
  ᐄᑎᔑᐦᐊᒻ   ᐄᑎᔑᐦᐊᒧᐧᐋᐤ
Click here to hear this word iitishiham Click here to hear this word iitishihimuwaau
  s/he sends it   s/he sends it to him/her
  ᑭᓂᐧᐋᔨᐦᑎᒻ   ᑭᓂᐧᐋᔨᐦᑎᒧᐧᐋᐤ
Click here to hear this word kiniwaayihtim Click here to hear this word kiniwaayihtimuwaau
  s/he looks after it   s/he looks after it for him/her
  ᐊᓵᒥᐦᒑᐤ   ᐅᑎᓵᒥᐦᑭᐧᐋᐤ
Click here to hear this word asaamihchaau Click here to hear this word utisaamihkiwaau
  s/he makes snowshoes   s/he makes snowshoes for him/her
  ᒥᔅᒋᓯᓂᐦᒑᐤ   ᐅᒥᔅᒋᓯᓂᐦᑭᐧᐋᐤ
Click here to hear this word mischisinihchaau Click here to hear this word umischisinihkiwaau
  s/he makes shoes/moccasins   s/he makes shoes/moccasins for him/her

Some verbs like ᐅᒥᔅᒋᓯᓂᐦᑭᐧᐋᐤ umischisinihkiwaau s/he makes shoes/moccasins for him/her also add a prefix -u to their applicative derivation.