Personal Pronouns

Personal inclusive pronouns

Observation
ᐊᑳᐧᐄ ᐃᐦᑏᐦ ᓈᔥᑎᑭᒌᔨ᙮ Click here to hear this word akaawii ihtiih naashtikichiiyi. Do not let this happen to you, too.

Inclusive pronouns indicate that someone else is included. The pronoun ᓈᔥᑎᑭᒌᔨ naashtikichiiyi is used in the example above to express the hope that the same thing won’t happen to another person. Today, it is rarely used.

Personal inclusive pronouns:

ᓈᔥᑎᑭᒌᔨ Click here to hear this word naashtikichiiyi you too
ᓈᔥᑎᐧᐄᔨ Click here to hear this word naashtiwiiyi him/her too
ᓈᔥᑎᐧᐄᐧᐋᐤ Click here to hear this word naashtiwiiwaau them too
ᓈᔥᑎᐧᐄᔨ (ᐅᐦᑖᐧᐄᐦ) Click here to hear this word naashtiwiiyi (uhtaawiih) his/her (father) too

Not all persons have an emphatic pronouns in one word as above, for other persons, people use the emphatic pronoun preceded by ᓈᔥᑦ ᑭᔮᐦ naasht kiyaah.

ᓈᔥᑦ ᑭᔮᐦ ᓃᔨ Click here to hear this word naasht kiyaah niiyi me too
ᓈᔥᑦ ᑭᔮᐦ ᒋᔨᐧᐋᐤ Click here to hear this word naasht kiyaah chiyiwaau you all too
ᓈᔥᑦ ᑭᔮᐦ ᒋᔮᓅ Click here to hear this word naasht kiyaah chiyaanuu you and me too
ᓈᔥᑦ ᑭᔮᐦ ᓃᔮᓐ Click here to hear this word naasht kiyaah niiyaan we too (but not you)

All these inclusive pronouns tend to be replaced today by the expression ᓃᔨ ᑭᔮᐦ niiyi kiyaah i.e. the set of emphatic personal pronouns with the particle ᑭᔮᐦ kiyaah ‘also, and’.

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