VTI (Verb Transitive Inanimate)

Transitive Inanimate Verbs (VTI) are verbs with two roles (transitive) filled by an animate subject and an inanimate object.

Observation
ᒪᓯᓇᐦᐊᒻ ᒪᓯᓇᐦᐄᑲᓂᔫ ᕉᕪ᙮ Click here to hear this word masinaham masinahiikaniyuu Ruth. Ruth is writing a book.
ᐄᔅᑯᐸᑕᒻ ᐅᑖᔅ᙮ Click here to hear this word iiskupatam utaas. He is pulling up his socks.
ᒪᓇᐦᐊᒻ ᒌᔅᑖᔅᐧᑳᓐᐦ᙮ Click here to hear this word manaham chiistaaskwaanh. She is pulling out nails.

VTI verbs can be found in all orders, with all persons. In the Southern dialect, in their dictionary form, they always end in -am. See VTI stems. Below are some examples of their inflection (regular and relational).

Independent Indicative Neutral
ᓂᐧᐋᐸᐦᑌᓐ ᓂᒨᐦᑯᒫᓐ Click here to hear this word niwaapahten nimuuhkumaan. ‘I see my own knife’
ᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕᒻ ᐅᒨᐦᑯᒫᓐ Click here to hear this word waapahtam umuuhkumaan. ‘She sees her/his own knife’
ᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕᒥᔫ ᐅᒨᐦᑯᒫᓂᔫ Click here to hear this word waapahtamiyuu umuuhkumaaniyuu. ‘She (John’s daughter) sees her knife.’
ᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕᒻ ᓂᒨᐦᑯᒫᓂᔫ Click here to hear this word waapahtam nimuuhkumaaniyuu ‘She sees my knife.’
ᒋᐧᐋᐸᐦᑌᓐ ᓂᒨᐦᑯᒫᓐ Click here to hear this word chiwaapahten nimuuhkumaan. ‘You see my knife.’
Relational Forms
ᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕᒧᐧᐁᐤ ᐅᒨᐦᑯᒫᓂᔫ Click here to hear this word Waapahtamuweu umuuhkumaaniyuu. ‘She sees his/her (someone else’s) knife.’ (‘Peter sees John’s knife’).
ᒋᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕᒧᐧᐊᓐ ᐅᒨᐦᑯᒫᓐ Click here to hear this word Chiwaapahtamuwan umuuhkumaan. ‘You see his/her knife.’
Paradigm example:
Independent Indicative Neutral
2 ᒋᑲᓇᐧᐋᐸᐦᑌᓐ Click here to hear this word chikanawaapahten ‘you look at it’
1 ᓂᑲᓇᐧᐋᐸᐦᑌᓐ Click here to hear this word nikanawaapahten ‘I look at it’
3 ᑲᓇᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕᒻ Click here to hear this word kanawaapahtam ‘she looks at it’
4 ᑲᓇᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕᒥᔫᐦ Click here to hear this word kanawaapahtamiyuuh ‘her/his/their (child/children) look/s at it’
2p ᒋᑲᓇᐧᐋᐸᐦᑌᓈᐧᐋᐧ Click here to hear this word chikanawaapahtenaawaaw ‘you-all look at it’
21p ᒋᑲᓇᐧᐊᐸᐦᑌᓈᓅ Click here to hear this word chikanawapahtenaanuu ‘we (you and me ) look at it’
1p ᓂᑲᓇᐧᐋᐸᐦᑌᓈᓐ Click here to hear this word nikanawaapahtenaan ‘we (me and her/him) looks at it’
3p ᑲᓇᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕᒧᒡ Click here to hear this word kanawaapahtamuch ‘they look at it’
indef ᑲᓇᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕᑲᓅ Click here to hear this word kanawaapahtakanuu ‘people look at it’
indef obv ᑲᓇᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕᑲᓅᔫ Click here to hear this word kanawaapahtakanuuyuu ‘everyone (while she is there) looks at it’
Relational Forms
2 ᒋᑲᓇᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕᒧᐧᐋᓐ Click here to hear this word chikanawaapahtamuwaan ‘You look at her/his…’
1 ᓂᑲᓇᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕᒧᐧᐋᓐ Click here to hear this word nikanawaapahtamuwaan ‘I look at her/his…’
3 ᑲᓇᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕᒧᐧᐁᐤ Click here to hear this word kanawaapahtamuweu ‘she looks at her/his…’
2p ᒋᑲᓇᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕᒧᐧᐋᓈᐧᐋᐧ Click here to hear this word chikanawaapahtamuwaanaawaaw ‘you-all look at her/his…’
21p ᒋᑲᓇᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕᒧᐧᐋᓈᓅ Click here to hear this word chikanawaapahtamuwaanaanuu ‘we (you and me) look at her/his…’
1p ᓂᑲᓇᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕᒧᐧᐋᓈᓐ Click here to hear this word nikanawaapahtamuwaanaan ‘we (me and her/him) look at her/his…’
3p ᑲᓇᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕᒧᐧᐁᐅᒡ Click here to hear this word kanawaapahtamuweuch ‘they look at her/his…’

Link to Conjugation Tables

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