Junker, M.-O., Blacksmith, L., & MacKenzie, M. (2015). East Cree Verbs (Southern Dialect). [Revised and expanded from 2006 original and 2013 revised edition] In The Interactive East Cree Reference Grammar. Retrieved from [URL]
Marie-Odile Junker, Louise Blacksmith and Marguerite MacKenzie. East Cree Verbs (Southern Dialect). [Revised and expanded from 2006 original and 2013 revised edition] In The Interactive East Cree Reference Grammar. 2015. Web. [date]
[URL] = website address, beginning with “http://” [Date] = the date you accessed the page, styled as follows: 13 Dec. 2015
VTI (Verb Transitive Inanimate)
Transitive Inanimate Verbs (VTI) are verbs with two roles (transitive) filled by an animate subject and an inanimate object.
ᒪᓯᓇᐦᐊᒻ ᒪᓯᓇᐦᐄᑲᓂᔫ ᕉᕪ᙮
masinaham masinahiikaniyuu Ruth.
Ruth is writing a book.
He is pulling up his socks.
She is pulling out nails.
VTI verbs can be found in all orders, with all persons. In the Southern dialect, in their dictionary form, they always end in -am. See VTI stems. Below are some examples of their inflection (regular and relational).
Independent Indicative Neutral
‘I see my own knife’
‘She sees her/his own knife’
‘She (John’s daughter) sees her knife.’
‘She sees my knife.’
‘You see my knife.’
‘She sees his/her (someone else’s) knife.’ (‘Peter sees John’s knife’).