VTI (Verb Transitive Inanimate) Stems

VTI verbs can have -im or -ham stems. For example ᑭᓂᐧᐋᐱᐦᑎᒻ kiniwaapihtim ‘s/he looks at it’ is a verb with an -im stem, ᐅᑖᒥᐦᐊᒻ utaamiham ‘s/he hits it’ is a verb with an -ham stem.

Stems ending with -im

ᑭᓂᐧᐋᐱᐦᑎᒻ kiniwaapihtim ‘s/he looks at it’ is a verb with an -im stem. This -im does not appear in all the forms, as some forms have a shortened stem, without the -im. For example when we say ᑭᓂᐧᐋᐱᐦᑎᒧᒡ kiniwaapihtimuch, we see the stem kiniwaapihtim and the suffix -uch. When we say ᒋᑭᓂᐧᐋᐱᐦᑖᓈᓂᐤ chikiniwaapihtaanaaniu, we see the shortened stem kiniwaapiht, the prefix chi- and the suffix -aanaaniu.

The nasal consonant m becomes h in the 3rd person proximate inflection in the conjunct indicative conjugations (#11 and #12).

ᐧᐋᐱᐦᑎᒻ waapihtim (#01) ᐋᐦ ᐧᐋᐱᐦᑎᐦᒃ aah waapihtih-k (#11)
ᐧᐋᐱᐦᑎᐦᑳ waapihtih-kaa or ᐙᐱᐦᑎᐦᒑ waapihtih-chaa (#12a)
ᐃᔮᐱᐦᑎᐦᒃᐦ wiyaapihtih-kh or ᐃᔮᐱᐦᑎᐦᒡᐦ wiyaapihtih-chh (#12b)

Link to Conjugation Tables

Stems ending with -ham

ᐅᑖᒥᐦᐊᒻ utaamiham is a verb with a stem ending with -ham. This -ham does not appear in all the forms, as some forms have a shortened stem, without the -(h)am. For example, when we say ᐅᑖᒥᐦᐊ ᒧᒡ utaamihamuch, we see the stem utaamiham and the suffix -uch. When we say ᑰᑖᒥᐦᐋᓈᓂᐤ kuutaamihaanaaniu, we see the shortened stem utaamih-, the prefix ku- and the suffix -aanaaniu.

The -ham ending becomes -haah in the 3rd person in the conjunct conjugations (#01, #11 and #12). There is also a shorter form available.

ᐅᑖᒥᐦᐊᒻ utaamiham (#01) ᐋᐦ ᐅᑖᒥᐦᐋᒃ aah utaamihaah-k or ᐋᐦ ᐅᑕᓵᒫᐦᒃ aah utaamaah-k (#11)
ᐅᑖᒥᐦᐋᑳ utaamihaah-kaa or ᐅᑖᒥᐦᐋᒑ utaamihaah-chaa (#12a)
ᐧᐋᑖᒥᐦᐋᐦᒃᐦ waataamihaah-kh or ᐧᐋᑖᒫᐦᒃᐦ waataamaah-kh (#12b)
ᐧᐋᑖᒥᐦᐋᐦᒡᐦ waataamihaah-chh or ᐧᐋᑖᒫᐦᒡᐦ waataamaah-chh(#12b)

Link to Conjugation Tables

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