Dubitative Pronouns

Use a dubitative pronoun to wonder about:

Dubitative pronoun for animate beings or things

The dubitative pronoun ᐋᐧᐄᒑ aawiichaa means ‘it must be him/her’. It is fully inflected for plural and obviation. It is only used for animate beings and things, and can be used alone, or with a noun.

Proximate Obviative
singular plural singular plural
Click here to hear this word ᐋᐧᐄᒑ Click here to hear this word ᐋᐧᐄᒑᓂᒌ Click here to hear this word ᐋᔨᒑᓂᐦᐄ Click here to hear this word ᐋᔨᒑᓂᐦᐄᐦ
Animate aawiichaa aawiichaanichii aayichaanihii aayichaanihiih
Who? Click here to hear this word ᐋᐧᐄᒑᓂᒡ Click here to hear this word ᐋᔨᒑᓐᐦ
aawiichaanich aayichaanh
Inanimate Click here to hear this word ᐋᐧᐄᒑ Click here to hear this word ᐋᐧᐄᒑᓂᐦᐄ Click here to hear this word ᐋᔨᒑᓂᐦᐄᐦ Click here to hear this word ᐋᔨᒑᓂᐦᐄᐦ
What? aawiichaa aawiichaanihii aayichaanihiih aayichaanihiih

Examples:

ᐋᐧᐄᒑᓂᒌ ᑳ ᓂᐱᐦᐋᒡ ᐊᓂᔮᐦ ᐊᒥᔅᒄᐦ᙮ Click here to hear this word aawiichaanichii kaa nipihaach aniyaah amiskwh.
It must be them who killed that beaver.
ᐋᔨᒑᓂᐦᐄᐦ ᐅᑕᓵᒻᐦ᙮ Click here to hear this word aayichaanihiih utasaamh.
They must be her/his snowshoes.
ᐋᐧᐄᒑ ᐊᓐ ᒥᐦᐄᐦᑭᓐ ᑳ ᓂᐱᐦᐋᑦ ᐊᓂᔮᐦ ᒨᔥ᙮ Click here to hear this word aawiichaa an mihiihkin kaa nipihaat aniyaah muush.
It must have been the wolf who killed the moose.
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