Demonstrative pronouns

Observation
ᓂᐧᐋᐱᒫᐤ ᓈᐹᐤ᙮ Click here to hear this word niwaapamaau uu naapaau. I see this man.
ᓂᐧᐋᐱᒫᐤ ᐊᓐ ᓈᐹᐤ᙮ Click here to hear this word niwaapamaau an naapaau. I see that man.
ᓂᐧᐋᐱᒫᐤ ᓈᐦ ᓈᐹᐤ᙮ Click here to hear this word niwaapamaau naah naapaau. I see that man way over there.
ᐧᒫᐤ ᓘᐃᔅ᙮ Click here to hear this word mwaau Louise. Here is Louise. (while pointing at her)

The words uu, ᐊᓐ an, naa are called demonstrative pronouns. There are two sets of demonstrative pronouns, each containing three members, depending on the distance from the speaker. The proximal uu is used for something or someone that is really close to the speaker, and that the speaker can see. The distal ᐊᓐ an is used for someone or something specific that is a little bit further from the speaker. The remote  naa or ᓈᐦ naah is used for someone or something that is far away from the speaker. The same distinction of relative distance to the speaker is found in the ᐧᒫᐤ mwaau, ᐧᒫᓐ mwaan and ᒫᓈ maanaa set. This set is used with a gesture, pointing or handing something for the proximal pronouns and pointing for the distal and remote pronouns.
Animate Demonstrative Pronouns – Set One

Proximate Obviative
singular plural singular or plural
Proximal Click here to hear this word uu ᐅᒌ Click here to hear this word uchii ᐅᔮᐦ Click here to hear this word uyaah
ᐅᒋ Click here to hear this word uchi ᐅᔮᔨᐤᐦ Click here to hear this word uyaayiuh
Distal ᐊᓐ Click here to hear this word an ᐊᓂᒌ Click here to hear this word anichii ᐊᓂᔮᐦ Click here to hear this word aniyaah
ᐊᓂᒋ Click here to hear this word anichi ᐊᓂᔮᔨᐤᐦ Click here to hear this word aniyaayiuh
Remote ᓈᐦ Click here to hear this word naah ᓈᒌ Click here to hear this word naachii ᓈᔮᐦ Click here to hear this word naayaah
ᓈᐦ Click here to hear this word naah ᓈᒋ Click here to hear this word naachi ᓈᔮᔨᐤᐦ Click here to hear this word naayaayiuh

Inanimate Demonstrative Pronouns – Set One

Proximate Obviative
singular plural singular plural
Proximal Click here to hear this word uu ᐅᔮᐦ Click here to hear this word uyaah ᐅᔮ Click here to hear this word uyaa ᐅᔮᐦ Click here to hear this word uyaah
ᐅᐦᐄ Click here to hear this word uhii ᐅᔮᔨᐤ Click here to hear this word uyaayiu ᐅᔮᔨᐤᐦ Click here to hear this word uyaayiuh
Distal ᐊᓐ Click here to hear this word an ᐊᓂᔮᐦ Click here to hear this word aniyaah ᐊᓂᔮ Click here to hear this word aniyaa ᐊᓂᔮᐦ Click here to hear this word aniyaah
ᐊᓂᐦᐄ Click here to hear this word anihii ᐊᓂᔮᔨᐤ Click here to hear this word aniyaayiu ᐊᓂᔮᔨᐤᐦ Click here to hear this word aniyaayiuh
Remote Click here to hear this word naa ᓈᔮᐦ Click here to hear this word naayaah ᓈᔮ Click here to hear this word naayaa ᓈᔮᐦ Click here to hear this word naayaah
ᓈᐦᐄ Click here to hear this word naahii

Examples:

ᐧᐋᐱᔓᐤ ᐅᔮᐦ ᓈᐹᐤᐦ᙮ Click here to hear this word waapamaau uyaah naapaauh. S/he sees this yonder man.
ᐧᐋᐱᔓᐤ ᐊᓂᔮᐦ ᓈᐹᐤᐦ᙮ Click here to hear this word waapamaau aniyaah naapaauh. S/he sees that man.
ᐧᐋᐱᔓᐤ ᐊᓂᔮᔨᐤᐦ ᓈᐹᐤᐦ᙮ Click here to hear this word waapamaau anaayiuh naapaauh. S/he sees that yonder man.

Demonstratives pronouns are found in verbless sentences, also called equational sentences, used to introduce people. The pronoun must be placed after the noun.

ᓘᐃᔅ Click here to hear this word Louise uu. This is Louise.
ᓘᐃᔅ ᐊᓐ Click here to hear this word Louise an. That is Louise.
ᓘᐃᔅ  ᓈᐦ᙮ Click here to hear this word Louise naah. That yonder is Louise.

Animate Demonstrative Pronouns – Set Two

Proximate Obviative
singular plural singular or plural
Proximal ᒫᐤ Click here to hear this word maau ᒫᐅᒌ Click here to hear this word maauchii ᒫᐅᔮᐦ Click here to hear this word maauyaah
ᒫᐅᒋ Click here to hear this word maauchi ᒫᐅᔮᔨᐤᐦ Click here to hear this word maauyaayiuh
Distal ᒫᓐ Click here to hear this word maan ᒫᓂᒌ Click here to hear this word maanichii ᒫᓂᔮᐦ Click here to hear this word maaniyaah
ᒫᓂᒋ Click here to hear this word maanichi ᒫᓂᔮᔨᐤᐦ Click here to hear this word maaniyaayiuh
Remote ᒫᓈ Click here to hear this word maanaa ᔓᓈᒌ Click here to hear this word maanaachii ᒫᓈᔮᐦ Click here to hear this word maanaayaah
ᒫᓈᔮᔨᐤᐦ Click here to hear this word maanaayaayiuh

Inanimate Demonstrative Pronouns – Set Two

Proximate Obviative
singular plural singular plural
Proximal ᒫᐤ Click here to hear this word maau ᒫᐅᐦᐄ Click here to hear this word maauhii ᒫᐅᔮ Click here to hear this word maauyaa ᒫᐅᔮᐦ Click here to hear this word maauyaah
ᔓᐅᔮᔨᐤ Click here to hear this word maauyaayiu ᒫᐅᔮᔨᐤᐦ Click here to hear this word maauyaayiuh
Distal ᒫᓐ Click here to hear this word maan ᒫᓂᐦᐄ Click here to hear this word maanihii ᒫᓂᔮ Click here to hear this word maaniyaa ᒫᓂᔮᐦ Click here to hear this word maaniyaah
ᒫᓂᔮᔨᐤ Click here to hear this word maaniyaayiu ᒫᓂᔮᔨᐤᐦ Click here to hear this word maaniyaayiuh
Remote ᒫᓈ Click here to hear this word maanaa ᒫᓈᐦᐄ maanaahii ᒫᓈᔮ Click here to hear this word maanaayaa ᒫᓈᔮᐦ Click here to hear this word maanaayaah
ᒫᓈᔮᔨᐤ Click here to hear this word maanaayaayiu ᒫᓈᔮᔨᐤᐦ Click here to hear this word maanaayaayiuh

Examples:

ᒫᐅᐦᐄ ᒋᒥᔅᒋᓯᓐᐦ᙮ Click here to hear this word maauhii chimischisinh. Here are your shoes.
ᒫᓂᐦᐄ ᒋᒥᔅᒋᓯᓐᐦ᙮ Click here to hear this word maanihii chimischisinh. There are your shoes.
ᒫᓈᐦᐄ ᒋᒥᔅᒋᓯᓐᐦ᙮ Click here to hear this word maanaahii chimischisinh. Way over there are your shoes.
Click here to go back to Pronouns Pronouns Click here to go to the top Top