Part Six: Adding endings to nouns and verbs

6.1 Adding a suffix to nouns which end in

When a diminutive, locative or possessive suffix is added to most words that end in , the is dropped (see also How the small syllabic symbols change when an ending is added).
Diminutive Locative/Simulative Possessive
ᓈᐯᐤ ᓈᐯ ᓈᐯᐦᒡ ᓂᓈᐯ
ᐃᔅᐧᑫᐤ ᐃᔅᐧᑫ ᐃᔅᐧᑫᐦᒡ ᓂᑕᔅᐧᑫ
ᐅᒋᒫᐤ ᐅᒋᒫ ᐅᒋᒫᐦᒡ ᓅᒋᒫ
ᐧᐄᔑᓈᐤ ᐧᐄᔑᓈ ᐧᐄᔑᓈᐦᒡ ᓂᐧᐄᔑᓈ
ᐅᔥᑳᒉᐤ ᐅᔥᑳᒉ ᐅᔥᑳᒉᐦᒡ ᓅᔥᑳᒉ
ᓇᒣᐤ ᓇᒣ / ᓇᒣᐅ ᓇᒣᐦᒡ ᓂᓇᒣ
ᐱᔦᐤ ᐱᔦ ᐱᔦᐦᒡ ᓂᐱᔦ
ᒫᓂᑌᐤ ᒫᓂᑌ ᒫᓂᑌᐦᒡ ᓂᒫᓂᑌ
ᐃᔥᑯᑌᐤ ᐃᔥᑯᑌ ᐃᔥᑯᑌᐦᒡ ᓂᑎᔥᑯᑌ
ᔔᑳᐤ ᔔᑳ ᔔᑳᐦᒡ ᓂᔔᑳ
ᐯᐹᐤ ᐯᐹ ᐯᐹᐦᒡ ᓂᐯᐹ
ᓯᒋᒣᐤ ᓯᒋᒣ ᓯᒋᒣᐦᒡ ᓂᓯᒋᒣ
Exceptions…
Diminutive Locative/Simulative Possessive
ᐧᐋ ᐧᐋᐅᔥ ᐧᐋᐅᐦᒡ ᓂᐧᐋᐅᒻ
ᐋᐃᐦᑯᓈ ᐋᐃᐦᑯᓈᐅᔥ ᐋᐃᐦᑯᓈᐦᒡ ᓂᑖᐃᐦᑯᓈ
Note: The is changed to when the animate plural ending is added (see also section 3.4.3 above).
ᓈᐯᐤ ᓈᐯᐅᒡ
ᓯᒋᒣᐤ ᓯᒋᒣᐅᒡ
ᐃᔅᐧᑫᐤ ᐃᔅᐧᑫᐅᒡ

6.2 Adding endings to nouns which end in

When the noun ends in , often the is dropped.
Diminutive Locative/Simulative Possessive
ᐊᐳ ᐊᐳᐃ/ᐊᐴᔥ ᐴᐦᒡ ᓂᑕᐳᐃ/ᓂᐳᐃ
ᐊᐱᔓ ᐊᐱᔓᐃᔥ ᐊᐱᔔᐦᒡ ᓂᑕᐱᔓᐃ
ᐧᐄᑑᓈᐳ ᐧᐄᑑᓈᐳᐃᔥ/ᐧᐄᑑᓈᐴ ᐧᐄᑑᓈᐴᐦᒡ ᓂᐧᐄᑑᓈᐳᐃ
Be careful of the following words where becomes ᐧᑳ (or does not):
Diminutive Locative/Simulative Possessive
ᐊᓇᑯᐃ ᐊᓇᐧᑳ ᐊᓇᐧᑳᐦᒡ ᓂᓇᑯᐃ
ᐧᐄᐦᑯᐃ ᐧᐄᐦᐧᑳ ᐧᐄᐦᐧᑳᐦᒡ ᓂᐧᐄᐦᐧᑳᒻ
ᐅᔥᑯᐃ ᐅᔥᐧᑳ ᐅᔥᐧᑳᐦᒡ ᓅᔥᐧᑳᒻ
ᐅᑯᐦᑕᔥᑯᐃ ᐅᑯᐦᑕᔥᐧᑳ ᐅᑯᐦᑕᔥᐧᑳᐦᒡ ᓂᑯᐦᑕᔥᑯᐃ

6.3 Adding endings to nouns which end in ᒎ, ᔔ, ᓲ, ᑑ, ᔫ

When a suffix for the diminutive, locative, or possessive is added to these words, the syllabic changes from to , to , to and to .
Diminutive Locative/Simulative Possessive
ᐱᒎ ᒌᔥ ᒌᐦᒡ ᓂᐱᒌᒻ
ᐱᔔ ᔒᔥ ᔒᐦᒡ ᓂᐱᔒᒻ
ᐧᐄᐱᒎ ᐧᐄᐱᒌᔥ ᐧᐄᐱᒌᐦᒡ ᓂᐧᐄᐱᒌᒻ
ᑳᐦᑳᒎ ᑳᐦᑳᒌᔥ ᑳᐦᑳᒌᐦᒡ ᓂᑳᐦᑳᒌᒻ
ᐅᐦᐆᒥᓲ ᐅᐦᐆᒥᔒᔥ ᐅᐦᐆᒥᓰᐦᒡ ᓄᐦᐆᒥᓰᒻ
ᒋᔅᑯᑕᒫᒉᓲ ᒋᔅᑯᑕᒫᒉᔒᔥ ᒋᔅᑯᑕᒫᒉᓰᐦᒡ ᓂᒋᔅᑯᑕᒫᒉᓰᒻ
ᒪᐦᒉᔔ ᒪᐦᒉᔒᔥ ᒪᐦᒉᔒᐦᒡ ᓂᒪᐦᒉᔒᒻ
ᓲᓵᓲ ᓲᓵᓰᔥ ᓲᓵᓰᐦᒡ ᓂᓲᓵᓰᒻ
ᐧᐋᔥᑫᔔ ᐧᐋᔥᑫᔒᔥ ᐧᐋᔥᑫᔒᐦᒡ ᓂᐧᐋᔥᑫᔒᒻ
ᐧᐋᐧᐋᔥᑫᔔ ᐧᐋᐧᐋᔥᑫᔒᔥ ᐧᐋᐧᐋᔥᑫᔒᐦᒡ ᓂᐧᐋᐧᐋᔥᑫᔒᒻ
ᐱᔦᓲ ᐱᔦᔒᔥ ᐱᔦᓰᐦᒡ ᓂᐱᔦᓰᒻ
ᐄᔨᔫ ᐄᔨᔨᔥ ᐄᔨᔨᐦᒡ ᓂᑎᔨᔨᒻ
ᐄᓅ ᓃᔥ ᐄᓃᐦᒡ ᓂᑎᓃᒻ
There are some words which end in or that do not change to or .
Diminutive Locative/Simulative Possessive
ᒨᔥ ᒨᐦᒡ ᓂᑖᒨᒻ
ᒪᓂ ᒪᓂᑑᔥ ᒪᓂᑑᐦᒡ ᓂᒪᓂᑑᒻ
ᐧᐄ ᐧᐄᑑᔥ ᐧᐄᑑᐦᒡ ᓂᐧᐄᑑᒻ
ᐊᒥᔅᑯᐦ ᐊᒥᔅᑯᐦᑑᔥ ᐊᒥᔅᑯᐦᑑᐦᒡ ᓂᑕᒥᔅᑯᐦᑑᒻ

6.4 Adding endings to verbs which end in ᐆ, ᐦᐆ, ᐴ, ᑑ, ᒎ, ᔔ, ᓲ, ᔫ

ᔦᑳᐆ ᔦᑳᐆᐧᐃᒡ
ᐃᔮᐅᒋᐦᐆ ᐃᔮᐅᒋᐦᐆᐧᐃᒡ
ᐊᐴ ᐊᐴᐧᐃᒡ
ᒋᓄᑳᐴ ᒋᓄᑳᐴᐧᐃᒡ
ᒫᑑ ᒫᑑᐧᐃᒡ
ᐱᓯᑰ ᐱᓯᑰᐧᐃᒡ
ᐱᒎ ᐱᒎᐧᐃᒡ
ᒥᔪᔔ ᒥᔪᔔᐧᐃᒡ
ᒦᒋᓲ ᒦᒋᓲᐧᐃᒡ
ᐹᐸᔫ ᐹᐸᔫᐧᐃᒡ

6.5 Adding endings to verbs which end in or

The small or will change to a big or . This is difficult to hear in the coastal dialects but easier in the inland ones.
ᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕ ᐧᐋᐸᐦᑕᒧᒡ
ᐧᑖᐦᐊ ᐧᑖᐦᐊᒧᒡ
ᐱᒥᔑ ᐱᒥᔑᓂᒡ / ᐱᒥᔑᓅᒡ
ᑕᑯᔑ ᑕᑯᔑᓂᒡ / ᑕᑯᔑᓅᒡ
ᐅᑖᒥᔑ ᐅᑖᒥᔑᓂᒡ / ᐅᑖᒥᔑᓅᒡ