Part Seven: Boundaries

7.3 Making compound words

Two or three words can be joined together to make one new word, but there are almost always spelling changes when this happens. The names of the months are good examples of compound words. Sometimes there is no change to the spelling of the words
ᐋᒨ + ᔔᑳᐤ = ᐋᒨᔔᑳᐤ
ᒪᒋ + ᓈᐯᔥ = ᒪᒋᓈᐯᔥ
Often the syllabic final is made big when the second word begins with a consonant symbol (use the ᐱ ᑎ ᒋ ᓂ ᒥ ᓯ ᔑ symbol in this case)
ᐅᑖᐹ + ᒣᔅᑲᓇᐤ = ᐅᑖᐹᒣᔅᑲᓇᐤ
ᐅᑖᐹ + ᒣᔅᑲᓅ = ᐅᑖᐹᒣᔅᑲᓅ
ᓃᔥᑖ + ᑯᔅᑯᔅᒡ = ᓃᔥᑖᑯᔅᑯᔅᒡ
ᓇᒣ + ᐱᒦ = ᓇᒣᐱᒦ
ᐱᐳ + ᐧᐄᔥᑦ = ᐱᐳᐧᐄᔥᑦ
Note: ᓂᔅᒃ + ᐱᒦ = ᓂᔅᐱᒦ or ᓂᔅᑲᐱᒦ
When the second word begins with a vowel symbol (ᐁ ᐃ ᐄ ᐅ ᐆ ᐊ ᐋ) this vowel disappears but the small symbol at the end of the first word becomes big.
ᐲᔖᑲ + ᔅᑎᔅ = ᐲᔖᑲᔅᑎᔅ
ᒨᓐ + ᑯᐦᑉ = ᒨᓇᑯᐦᑉ
ᒦᓂ + ᐃᐦᑯᓈᐤ = ᒦᓂᐃᐦᑯᓈᐤ
ᐲᔖᑲ + = ᐲᔖᑲ
Sometimes the beginning of the second word is dropped.
ᓂᑲ + ᓯᓇᐦᐄᑲᓐ = ᓂᑲᒨᓯᐦᐄᑲᓐ
ᐅᐦᑯ + ᑎᐦᒌ = ᐅᐦᑯᑎᐦᒌ
ᒥᐦᑯ + ᑎᐦᒌ = ᒥᐦᑯᑎᐦᒌ
ᒌᒫ + ᒋᒫᐤ = ᒌᒪᒋᒫᐤ
The w-circle is changed to
ᐃᔅᐧᑫ + ᒦᒋᒻ = ᐃᔅᐧᑫᒦᒋᒻ
ᓈᐯ + ᒦᒋᒻ = ᓈᐯᒦᒋᒻ
The w-circle is changed to and the beginning of the second word is dropped if it is a vowel (ᐁ ᐃ ᐄ ᐅ ᐆ ᐊ ᐋ).
ᐄᔅᒌᒣ + ᔅᒌ = ᐄᔅᒌᒣᔅᒌ
ᓇᒣ + ᐦᐄᐲ = ᓇᒣᐦᐄᐲ
ᓇᒣ + ᐦᐊᐲ = ᓇᒣᐦᐊᐲ
Sometimes the second part of the new word cannot stand alone but still makes a compound word.
ᐅᒋᒫ + ᑲᒥᒄ = ᐅᒋᒫᑲᒥᒄ
ᐅᒋᒫ + ᑲᒥᒄ = ᐅᒋᒫᔒᐅᑲᒥᒄ
Note that the w-circle at the end of the first word becomes a w-dot in the compound word
ᐃᔥᑯᑌ + ᐋᐴ = ᐃᔥᑯᑌᐧᐋ
The little becomes big or ᐧᑳ.
+ ᐱᒦ = ᐱᒦ
ᒥᔅᑎ + ᐱᒎ = ᒥᔅᑎᐱᒎ
ᒥᓇᐦᐄ + ᐦᑦ = ᒥᓇᐦᐄᐧᑳᔥᐦᑦ
Many words add a between the words (and may drop the beginning of the second word)
ᐧᐋᔅᑳᐦᐄᑲᓂ + ᔨᔫ = ᐧᐋᔅᑳᐦᐄᑲᓂᔒᐅᐄᔨᔫ
ᐧᐋᔅᑳᐦᐄᑲᓂ + = ᐧᐋᔅᑳᐦᐄᑲᓂᔒᐅᐄᓅ
ᒥᔅᑕᓯᓃ + ᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐ = ᒥᔅᑕᓯᓃᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐ
A number of words have shorter forms (acting as finals) used to created new words:
long form short combining form new word
ᓈᐯᐤ > ᐋᐯᐤ ᒥᔥᑕ + ᓈᐯᐤ = ᔥᑖᐯᐤ
ᐃᔅᐧᑫᐤ > ᔅᐧᑫᐤ ᒋᔐ + ᐃᔅᐧᑫᐤ = ᒋᔐᔅᐧᑫᐤ
ᓇᒣᔅ > ᒣᔅ ᒥᔪ + ᓇᒣᔅ = ᒥᔪᒣᔅ
ᑳᒄ > ᐋᒄ ᓈᐯᐤ + ᑳᒄ = ᓈᐯᔮᒄ
ᐧᐋᐳᔥ > ᐋᐳᔥ ᑕᓱᔮᑲᓐ + ᐧᐋᐳᔥ = ᑕᓱᔮᑲᓈᐳᔥ
ᐄᔨᔫ > ᐄᔨ ᐄᔨ + ᒦᒋᒻ = ᐄᔨᒦᒋᒻ
ᐄᓅ > ᐄᓂ ᐄᓂ + ᒦᒋᒻ = ᐄᓂᒦᒋᒻ
Sometimes a joining y or w is used:
ᓈᐯᐤ + ᑳᒄ = ᓈᐯᔮᒄ