Part Seven: Boundaries

7.1 Adding a personal prefix

The personal prefixes are ᓂ, ᒋ, and and are added to possessed nouns. Note that only and are added to Independent verbs. They are written joined to the word.

Nouns Verbs
ᔒᔒᑉ ᒥᔅᑲᒻ
ᔒᔒᐱᒻ ᒥᔅᑫᓐ
ᔒᔒᐱᒻ ᒥᔅᑫᓐ
ᔒᔒᐱᒻᐦ ᒥᔅᑲᒻ
ᔒᔒᐱᒥᓈᓐ ᒥᔅᑫᓈᓐ
ᔒᔒᐱᒥᓅ ᒥᔅᑫᓈᓅ
ᔒᔒᐱᒥᐧᐋᐤ ᒥᔅᑫᓈᐧᐋᐤ
ᔒᔒᐱᒥᐧᐋᐤᐦ ᒥᔅᑲᒧᒡ

If the word begins with then add ᓂᑎ, ᒋᑎ or ᐅᑎ.

ᐃᔅᐧᑫᐤ ᐃᔅᐧᑳᓲ
ᓂᑎᔅᐧᑫᒻ ᓂᑎᔅᐧᑳᓱᓐ
ᒋᑎᔅᐧᑫᒻ ᒋᑎᔅᐧᑳᓱᓐ
ᐅᑎᔅᐧᑫᒻᐦ

If the word begins with then add ᓂᑌ, ᒋᑌ, or ᐅᑌ.

ᐁᒥᐦᐧᑲᓐ ᐁᑎᒋᓂᔑᓐ
ᓂᑌᒥᐦᐧᑲᓐ ᓂᑌᑎᒋᓂᔑᓐ
ᒋᑌᒥᐦᐧᑲᓐ ᒋᑌᑎᒋᓂᔑᓐ
ᐅᑌᒥᐦᐧᑲᓐ ᐁᑎᒋᓂᔑᓐ

If the word begins with then add ᓂᑕ, ᒋᑕ or ᐅᑕ.

ᐊᐧᐋᔥ ᐊᐴ
ᓂᑕᐧᐋᔒᒻ ᓂᑕᐱᓐ
ᒋᑕᐧᐋᔒᒻ ᒋᑕᐱᓐ
ᐅᑕᐧᐋᔒᒻᐦ ᐊᐴ

If the word begins with then add ᓂᑖ, ᒋᑖ, or ᐅᑖ.

ᐋᐸᐦᐄᑲᓐ ᐋᐸᑎᓰᐤ / ᐋᐸᑎᓲ
ᓂᑖᐸᐦᐄᑲᓐ ᓂᑖᐸᑎᓰᓐ / ᓂᑖᐸᑎᓯᓐ
ᒋᑖᐸᐦᐄᑲᓐ ᒋᑖᐸᑎᓰᓐ / ᒋᑖᐸᑎᓯᓐ
ᐅᑖᐸᐦᐄᑲᓐ ᐸᑎᓰᐤ / ᐸᑎᓲ

If the word begins with , then use ᓅ, ᑰ. For the ‘her/his’ third person change the short to a long one by adding a dot .

ᐅᑖᐹᓐ ᐅᑎᓇᒻ
ᑖᐹᓐ ᑎᓀᓐ
ᑖᐹᓐ ᑎᓀᓐ
ᑖᐹᓐ

If a noun begins with then add ᓂᑑ, ᒋᑑ, or ᐅᑑ.

ᐅᐧᐊᑦ
ᓂᑐᐧᐊᑎᓈᓐ
ᒋᑐᐧᐊᑎᐧᐋᐤ
ᐅᑐᐧᐊᑎᐧᐋᐤ

If a verb begins with then change to or .

ᐆᐦᒌᐤ
ᐦᒌᓐ
ᐦᒌᓐ

Note that it is a very common mistake for children to use instead of in words:

Write… Not…
ᐦᑖᐧᐄ ᒎᐦᑖᐧᐄ
ᐦᑰᒻ ᒎᐦᑯᒻ
ᔑᒥᔥ ᒎᔑᒥᔥ
ᐦᑯᒥᔅ ᒎᐦᑯᒥᔅ
ᑖᐹᓐ ᒎᑖᐹᓐ
ᐦᒌᓐ ᒎᐦᒌᓐ

Nouns that are already possessed do not add these prefixes, since these prefixes are already part of the word. These are mostly names of relatives and body parts and are called dependent nouns (marked nad or nid in the dictionary).

ᑯᔅ ᔅᑳᑦ
ᑯᔅ ᔅᑳᑦ
ᑯᔅᐦ ᔅᑳᑦ

A few words are also dependent nouns that are not the names of relatives or body parts.

ᐊᑎᒻ ᒥᑖᔅ ᒦᐧᐃᑦ ᐊᓇᑯᐃ
ᑌᒻ ᑖᔅ ᐧᐃᑦ ᓇᑯᐃ
ᑌᒻ ᑖᔅ ᐧᐃᑦ ᓇᑯᐃ
ᑌᒻᐦ ᐧᐄ ᑖᔅ ᐧᐄᐧᐃᑦ ᓇᑯᐃᐦ