Spelling Manual (Northern) – Adding endings to nouns

Adding endings to nouns which end in

When a diminutive, locative or possessive suffix is added to most words that end in , the is dropped (see Words ending with ).

Diminutive Locative/Simulative Possessive
ᓈᐹᐤ ᓈᐹᔑᔥ ᓈᐹᐦᒡ ᓂᓈᐹᒻ
ᐃᔅᒀᐤ ᐃᔥᒀᔑᔥ ᐃᔅᒀᐦᒡ ᓂᑎᔅᒀᒻ
ᐅᒋᒫᐤ ᐅᒋᒫᔑᔥ ᐅᒋᒫᐦᒡ ᓅᒋᒫᒻ
ᐅᔥᑳᒑᐤ ᐅᔥᑳᒑᔥ ᐅᔥᑳᒑᐦᒡ ᓅᔥᑳᒑᒻ
ᐱᔮᐤ ᐱᔮᔑᔥ ᐱᔮᐦᒡ ᓂᐱᔮᒻ
ᒫᓂᑖᐤ ᒫᓂᒑᔑᔥ ᒫᓂᑖᐦᒡ ᓂᒫᓂᑖᒻ
ᐃᔥᑯᑖᐤ ᐃᔥᑯᑖᔥ ᐃᔥᑯᑖᐦᒡ ᓂᑎᔥᑯᑖᒻ
ᔔᑳᐤ ᔔᑳᔥ ᔔᑳᐦᒡ ᓂᔔᑳᒻ
ᐋᐃᐦᑯᓈᐤ ᐋᐃᐦᑯᓈᔥ ᐋᐃᐦᑯᓈᐦᒡ ᓂᑖᐃᐦᑯᓈᒻ
ᐹᐹᐤ ᐹᐹᔥ ᐹᐹᐦᒡ ᓂᐹᐹᒻ
Exceptions…
ᐙᐤ ᐙᐅᔥ ᐙᐅᐦᒡ ᓂᐙᐅᒻ

Adding endings to nouns which end in

When the noun ends in , often the is dropped.

Diminutive Locative/Simulative Possessive
ᐊᐳᐃ ᐊᐳᔥ ᐊᐳᐦᒡ ᓂᐳᐃ
ᐊᐱᔓᐃ ᐊᐱᔓᔥ ᐊᐱᔓᐦᒡ ᓂᐱᔓᐃ
ᐐᑐᔮᐳᐃ ᐐᑐᔮᐳᔥ ᐐᑐᔮᐳᐦᒡ ᓂᐐᑐᔮᐳᒻ

Be careful of the following words where becomes

Diminutive Locative/Simulative Possessive
ᐊᓂ ᐊᓂ ᐊᓂᐦᒡ ᓂᓂᑯᐃ
ᐐᐦ ᐐᐦ ᐐᐦᐦᒡ ᓂᐐᐦ
ᐧᐃᔥ ᐧᐃᔥ ᐧᐃᔥᐦᒡ ᓅᔥ
ᐅᑯᐦᒋᔥ ᐅᑯᐦᒋᔥ ᐅᑯᐦᒋᔥᐦᒡ ᓂᑯᐦᒋᔥᑯᐃ

Adding endings to nouns which end in ᒋᐤ, ᔑᐤ, ᓯᐤ, ᔨᐤ

When a suffix for the diminutive, locative, or possessive is added to these words, the syllabic changes from ᒋᐤ to ᒌ, ᔑᐤ to ᔒ, ᓯᐤ to , and ᔨᐤ to ᔨ᙮

Diminutive Locative/Simulative Possessive
ᒋᐤ ᐦᒡ ᓂᐱ
ᔑᐤ ᔑᔥ ᐦᒡ ᓂᐱ
ᐐᐱᒋᐤ ᐐᐱᔑᔥ ᐐᐱᐦᒡ ᓂᐐᐱ
ᑳᐦᑳᒋᐤ ᑳᐦᑳᔑᔥ ᑳᐦᑳᐦᒡ ᓂᑳᐦᑳ
ᐅᐦᐆᒥᓯᐤ ᐅᐦᐆᒥᔑᔥ ᐅᐦᐆᒥᐦᒡ ᓅᐦᐆᒥ
ᒥᐦᒑᔑᐤ ᒥᐦᒑᔑᔥ ᒥᐦᒑᐦᒡ ᓂᒥᐦᒑ
ᐙᐱᓯᐤ ᐙᐱᔑᔥ ᐙᐱᐦᒡ ᓂᐙᐱ
ᐄᔨᔨᐤ ᐄᔨ ᐄᔨᐦᒡ ᓂᑏᔨ

There are words which end in or that do not change to or .

Diminutive Locative/Simulative Possessive
ᐦᒡ ᓂᑖ
ᒥᓂ ᒥᓂ ᒥᓂᐦᒡ ᓂᒥᓂ

See also: Spelling Manual – Southern Dialect – Assing endings to nouns and verbs