Spelling Manual (Northern) – Dialect Differences
The syllabic chart
The full syllabic chart shows all the symbols that are used in writing Eastern James Bay Cree. Some symbols are used only in the Southern dialect, not in the Northern – as explained below.
North – South differences
Speakers from Wemindji, Chisasibi, Whapmagoostui, and sometimes Eastmain use ᐋ, ᐹ, ᑖ, ᒑ, ᒫ, ᓈ, ᓵ, ᔖ instead of ᐁ, ᐯ, ᑌ, ᒉ, ᒣ, ᓀ, ᓭ, ᔐ.
The Northern speakers do not use ᐸ, ᑕ, ᑲ, ᒐ, ᒪ, ᓇ, ᓴ, ᔕ, ᔭ but instead use ᐱ, ᑎ, ᑭ, ᒋ, ᒥ, ᓂ, ᓯ, ᔑ, ᔨ.
However, ᐊ is used in both Northern and Southern dialects at the beginning of a word, and after ᐦ in VTI verbs.
In Eastmain, speakers use both Southern and Northern pronunciations since the community is on the boundary of the two dialect areas. These pronunciations are even evident in a single word and show up in the written form using both dialects.
ᓭ, ᓯ, ᓱ, ᓴ, ᔅ and ᔐ, ᔑ, ᔓ, ᔕ, ᔥ
Both these sets are used in writing East Cree words. In some communities speakers do not pronounce the ᔐ, ᔑ, ᔓ, ᔕ, ᔥ the same way as other communities and may want to check their spelling with the lexicon.
|ᓭ ᓯ ᓱ ᓴ ᔅ||ᔐ ᔑ ᔓ ᔕ ᔥ|
Table of Contents
- Dialect Differences
- ᒋᐦᑲᔥᑖᑲᓐᐦ The Use of Dots
- Syllabic Finals
- ᐃ, ᐄ and ᔨ
- Syllabic symbols not to forget to write
- Double consonants
- Adding endings to nouns
- ᓯᐤ and ᓲ at the end of a word
- Writing Names
- Standard Roman Orthography (SRO)