Spelling Manual (Northern) – Syllabic symbols not to forget to write

Short or at the beginning

In many words the short or at the beginning is not pronounced in ordinary fast speech. However, you can hear it clearly when a prefix is added to the beginning of a word. Make sure to write the or , even when it is not audible or pronounced.

ᔥᒀᐦᑖᒻ ᓵᒻ
ᔅᑭᓂᐱᐳᓐᐦ ᔥᑐᑎᓐ
ᔥᑯᑖᐤ ᐱᔒᔥ
ᔥᐱᒥᐦᒡ ᒀᑖᑦ
ᔅᒀᐤ ᔅᑎᓯᒡ
ᔥᒀᔑᔥ ᒥᔅᒄ
ᔥᐱᔑᒧᓐ ᒋᒧᔑᔥ
ᐦᑐᑎᒻ ᒀᐱᐦᑖᓂᒻ
ᔅᐧᑳᓯᒻ ᒋᑳᔥ

and

It is often difficult to hear the difference between and . In order to decide which one to write, it is best to check with the dictionary.

ᒋᔥᒄ ᔥᑎᒀᓐ
ᒋᔥᑐᓐ ᔅᑯᑦ
ᑐᓐ
ᓈᒋᐦᐋᐤ ᒥᓂᒄ

ᐎ, ᐐ and

Words beginning with ᐎ, ᐐ and can sound alike before ᔩ, ᔮ and .

ᔮᑭᓐ plate ᔨᐙᐤ them ᔨᐤ her/his body
it howls ᐤᐦ his wife
ᐎᑦ his bag, load
his bladder
she, he

Note the irregular possessed forms:

ᔮᔅ ᐅᐎᔮᓯᒻ
ᔮᓯᒻ (ᓂ+ᐎ=ᓅ)
ᔮᓯᒻ (ᒋ+ᐎ=ᑰ)
ᔮᑭᓐ ᐎᔮᑭᓐ
ᔮᑭᓐ (ᓂ+ᐎ=ᓅ)
ᔮᑭᓐ (ᒋ+ᐎ=ᑰ)
ᐅᑎᓂᒑᐤ ᑎᓂᑭᓐᐦ (ᐅ+ᐅ=ᐆ)
ᑎᓂᑭᓐᐦ
ᑎᓂᑭᓐᐦ
ᐅᒋᐧᑳᒋᑭᓐ ᒋᐧᑳᒋᑭᓐ (ᐅ+ᐅ=ᐆ)
ᒋᐧᑳᒋᑭᓐ
ᒋᐧᑳᒋᑭᓐ
Dependent noun
ᓯᓯᒻᐦ ᓯᓯᒻ (ᓂ+ᐅ=ᓅ)
ᓯᓯᒻ (ᒋ+ᐅ=ᑰ)

Do not confuse ᔮᔅ ‘meat’ with ᔮᔅ ‘flesh of the body’, which is a dependent noun:

ᔮᔅ her/his own flesh
ᔮᔅ my own flesh
ᔮᔅ your own flesh

ᐎᓐ at the end of a word

A noun can be made from a verb by adding ᐎᓐ.

Verb Noun
ᑖᐦᑎᐱᐤ ᑖᐦᑎᐳᐎᓐ
ᐊᔨᒥᐦᐋᐤ ᐊᔨᒥᐦᐋᐎᓐ
ᒋᔅᑯᑎᒫᒑᐤ ᒋᔅᑯᑎᒫᒑᐎᓐ
ᐃᓯᓂᐦᑳᓲ ᐃᓯᓂᐦᑳᓱᐎᓐ

at the beginning of a word

In many words that begin with , there is a tendency to write this syllabic symbol as a small . This symbol is used only at the end of words.

Write… Not…
ᑐᐦᑯᔨᓐ ᓐᑐᐦᑯᔨᓐ
ᒋᒄ ᓐᒋᒄ
ᑑᐦᐆ ᓐᑑᐦᐆ
ᑎᐙᐱᒫᐤ ᓐᑐᐙᐱᒫᐤ
ᑖᒥᒡ ᓐᑖᒥᒡ
ᑎᐙᔑᔒᒻ ᓐᑎᐙᔑᔒᒻ

Some numbers are pronounced two ways, with or without at the beginning.

ᑯᑣᔥᒡ ᑯᑣᔥᒡ
ᔮᓈᓈᐤ ᔮᓈᓈᐤ

at the beginning

Often words that are written with at the beginning are pronounced with or . The big should still be written before ᑎ, ᑐ, ᑖ.

Write… Not…
ᑖᒻ ᔥᑖᒻ
ᑎᐙᔑᔒᒻ ᔥᑎᐙᔑᔒᒻ
ᑖᓂᔅ ᔅᑖᓂᔅ
ᑎᔅᒡ ᔅᑎᔅᒡ

Also before

Write… Not…
ᒌᐦ ᒥᔅᑳᓐ ᔅᒌ ᒥᔅᑳᓐ
ᒌᐦ ᒦᒋᓐ ᔅᒌ ᒦᒋᓐ

in the middle of a word…

Write… Not…
ᔅᑑ ᑆᔅᑑ
ᐐᐦᔅᑎᐤ ᐐᔅᑎᐤ
ᔅᑎᓂᒻ ᐱᔅᑎᓂᒻ
ᑳᐦᔥᑎᓂᒻ ᑳᔥᑎᓂᒻ

See also: Spelling Manual – Southern Dialect – Syllabic symbols not to forget to write