Nouns with noun finals

Noun + concrete Final

Observation
ᒫᐦᑮ + ᐋᐦᑎᒄ     ᒫᐦᑭᔮᐦᑎᒄ
maahkii + aahtikw = Click here to hear this word maahkiyaahtikw
tent + stick     tent frame

The word ᒫᐦᑭᔮᐦᑎᒄ maahkiyaahtikw tent frame is made of two parts: the noun ᒫᐦᑮ maahkii tent and the noun final ᐋᐦᑎᒄ -aahtikw indicating that something is stick-like. The noun final cannot occur alone, but must always be attached to the end of a noun stem or to an initial. One set of finals describes concrete properties of an object: what it is made of or the way it appears. Another set is formed from terms for body parts.

List of Concrete Finals
ᐋᐦᑎᒄ / ᐋᔅᒄ -aahtikw / -aaskw stick-like
(ᔾ)ᐋᐲ -(y)aapii string-like
ᐋᐱᔅᒡ / ᐋᐱᔅᒄ -aapisch / -aapiskw hard (metal, stone, glass)
ᐋᐳᐃ -aapui liquid
ᒋᐧᐋᐦᑉ -chiwaahp teepee
ᐋᒋᓐ -aachin sheet-like
ᑭᒥᒄ -kimikw structure
ᑳᓐ -kaan man-made, manufactured
ᒥᓐ -min berry
ᔅᑭᒥᒄ /  ᐃᔅᑭᒥᒄ -skimikw / – iskimikw moss, earth
ᔥᑎᒄ -shtikw river
ᔮᓐ -yaan sheet-like

 

Noun+Concrete Final= Noun
ᐊᐳᐃ   ᐋᐦᑎᒄ     ᐊᐳᔮᐦᑎᒄ
apui + aahtikw = Click here to hear this word apuyaahtikw
paddle   stick-like     paddle stick
ᐊᐧᐹᓐ   ᐋᔅᒄ     ᐊᐧᐹᓈᔅᒄ
apwaan + aaskw = Click here to hear this word apwaanaaskw
roasted meat   stick     roasting stick
ᐊᒥᔅᒄ   ᐋᐳᐃ     ᐊᒥᔅᐧᑳᐳᐃ
amiskw + aapui = Click here to hear this word amiskwaapui
beaver   broth     beaver broth
ᐧᐋᐳᔥ   ᐋᐳᐃ     ᐧᐋᐳᔣᐳᐃ
waapush + aapui = Click here to hear this word waapushwaapui
rabbit   broth     rabbit broth
ᐊᑎᐦᒄ   ᐋᐳᐃ     ᐊᑎᐦᐧᑳᐳᐃ
atihkw + aapui = Click here to hear this word atihkwaapui
caribou   broth     caribou broth
ᐧᐋᓵᓂᐦᑖᑭᓐ   ᐋᐱᔅᒄ     ᐧᐋᓵᓂᐦᑖᑭᓈᐱᔅᒄ
waasaanihtaakin + aapiskw = Click here to hear this word waasaanihtaakinaapiskw
window   glass     windowpane
ᒫᐦᑮ   ᐋᒋᓐ     ᒫᐦᑭᔮᒋᓐ
maahkii + aachin = Click here to hear this word maahkiyaachin
tent   cloth     canvas
ᒫᐦᑮ   ᐋᐦᑎᒄ     ᒫᐦᑭᔮᐦᑎᒄ
maahkii + aahtikw = Click here to hear this word maahkiyaahtikw
tent   stick     tent frame
ᐧᐃᓂᐦᐄᑭᓐ   ᐋᐦᑎᒄ     ᐧᐃᓂᐦᐄᑭᓈᐦᑎᒄ
winihiikin + aahtikw = Click here to hear this word winihiikinaahtikw
trap   stick     stick for trap
ᐃᐦᐄᐱᐦᑳᓐ   ᐋᐦᑎᒄ     ᐃᐦᐄᐱᐦᑳᓈᐦᑎᒄ
ihiipihkaan + aahtikw = Click here to hear this word ihiipihkaanaahtikw
fishnet   stick     netting needle

 

Noun + Body part Final

List of Body Part Finals
ᐋᐅᒄ -aaukw muscle flesh
ᐃᑭᓐ -ikin bone
ᐧᐃᔪᐃ / ᐅᓱᐃ -wiyui / -usui tail
ᓯᑖᓐ / ᔅᑖᓐ -sitaan / staan foot
ᐧᐃᔪ -wiiyu fat
ᑎᐦᒌ -tihchii hand, forepaw
ᑎᐦᒑᓐ -tihchaan finger
ᑳᑦ -kaat animal leg

 

Noun+Body Part Final= Noun
ᐅᐧᐹᒻ   ᐋᐅᒄ     ᐅᐧᐹᒫᐅᒄ
upwaam + aaukw = Click here to hear this word upwaamaaukw
thigh   muscle flesh     flesh of thigh
ᐅᔥᑎᐧᑳᓐ   ᐃᑭᓐ     ᐅᔥᑎᐧᑳᓂᑭᓐ
ushtikwaan + ikin = Click here to hear this word ushtikwaanikin
head   bone     skull
ᐅᔥᑎᐧᑳᓐ   ᒑᑭᓐ     ᐅᔥᑎᐧᑳᓂᒑᑭᓐ
ushtikwaan + chaakin = Click here to hear this word ushtikwaanichaakin
head   bone     bone of the head
ᐅᐧᐹᒻ   ᒑᑭᓐ     ᐅᐧᐹᒥᒑᑭᓐ
upwaam + chaakin = Click here to hear this word upwaamichaakin
thigh   bone     thigh bone
ᑳᒄ   ᐧᐃᔪᐃ     ᑳᒀᔪᐃ
kaakw + waayui = Click here to hear this word kaakwaayui
porcupine   tail     porcupine tail
ᐧᐃᔨᑳᔅᒡ   ᓯᑖᓐ     ᐧᐃᔨᑳᔅᒋᓯᑖᓐ
wiyikaasch + sitaan = Click here to hear this word wiyikaaschisitaan
underside   foot     callus on the foot
ᐊᒥᔅᒄ   ᐧᐃᔪ     ᐊᒥᔅᑯᐧᐃᔪ
amiskw + wiyu = Click here to hear this word amiskuwiyu
beaver   fat     beaver fat
ᐊᒥᔅᒄ   ᑎᐦᒌ     ᐊᒥᔅᑯᑎᐦᒌ
amiskw + tihchii = Click here to hear this word amiskutihchii
beaver   hand/forepaw     beaver forepaw