||Junker, M.-O., Salt, L., & MacKenzie, M. (2015). East Cree Verbs (Northern Dialect). [Revised and expanded from 2006 original edition] In The Interactive East Cree Reference Grammar. Retrieved from [URL]
||Marie-Odile Junker, Luci Salt and Marguerite MacKenzie. East Cree Verbs (Northern Dialect). [Revised and expanded from 2006 original edition] In The Interactive East Cree Reference Grammar. 2015. Web. [date]
[URL] = website address, beginning with “http://”
[Date] = the date you accessed the page, styled as follows: 13 Dec. 2015
Independent Indicative Neutral (#01)
The Independent Indicative Neutral (#01) is used alone for things happening now, in the present tense.
The forms of conjugation #01 can combine with many preverbs
, for example to indicate the past or the future, or to indicate modality
||ᔖᔥ ᒋᐱᐦ ᓂᐹᓐ ᒌᐦ ᒥᔨᑖᓐ ᐊᓐ ᓂᑐᐦᑯᔨᓐ᙮
||shaash chipih nipaan chiih miyitaan an nituhkuyin.
|You will sleep.
||You were asleep.
||You would be sleeping now if I had given you the pill.
The personal prefix is always attached before the preverb. More than one preverb can be combined, for example the volitional preverb ᐧᐄᐦ wiih
with past ᒌᐦ chiih
or future ᑭ -ki:
|ᓂᒌᐦ ᐧᐄᐦ ᓂᐹᓐ᙮
||ᓂᑭ ᐧᐄᐦ ᓂᐹᓐ᙮
|nichiih wiih nipaan.
||niki wiih nipaan.
|I wanted to sleep.
||I will want to sleep.
Or the preverb ᒌᐦ chiih
‘can’ with the future – ᑭ -ki:
|ᒋᑭ ᒌᐦ ᐧᐋᐱᒫᐤ ᐋ᙮
|chiki chiih waapimaau aa.
|Will you be able to see her/him?
More on preverbs
Link to Conjugation Tables