Nouns with Person inflection

Extended Stems

Observation
ᔒᔒᑉ Click here to hear this word shiishiip a duck
ᓂᔒᔒᐱᒻ Click here to hear this word nishiishiipim my duck
Some nouns, when used with personal prefixes, have their stem extended with a suffix -im. Such stems are called EXTENDED STEMS.
ᐧᐃᔮᔅ Click here to hear this word wiyaas meat
ᓄᔮᓯᒻ Click here to hear this word nuyaasim my meat
ᐧᐅᔥᑎᐧᑳᓐ Click here to hear this word ushtikwaan his/her head
ᐅᔥᑎᐧᑳᓂᒻ Click here to hear this word ushtikwaanim his/her (animal) head
Paradigm Table for possessed noun with extended stem
ᔒᔒᑉ shiishiip (na) duck
POSSESSOR NOUN English TRANSLATION
2 ᒋᔒᔒᐱᒻ chishiishiipim your duck
2 ᒋᔒᔒᐱᒥᒡ chishiishiipimich your ducks
1 ᓂᔒᔒᐱᒻ nishiishiipim my duck
1 ᓂᔒᔒᐱᒥᒡ nishiishiipimich my ducks
2p ᒋᔒᔒᐱᒥᐙᐤ chishiishiipimiwaau your (plural) duck
2p ᒋᔒᔒᐱᒥᐙᐅᒡ chishiishiipimiwaauch your (plural) ducks
21p ᒋᔒᔒᐱᒥᓅ chishiishiipiminuu our (including you) duck
21p ᒋᔒᔒᐱᒥᓅᒡ chishiishiipiminuuch our (including you) ducks
1p ᓂᔒᔒᐱᒥᓈᓐ nishiishiipiminaan our (excluding you) duck
1p ᓂᔒᔒᐱᒥᓈᓂᒡ nishiishiipiminaanich our (excluding you) ducks
3 ᐅᔒᔒᐱᒻᐦ ushiishiipimh his/her duck / ducks
3p ᐅᔒᔒᐱᒥᐙᐤᐦ ushiishiipimiwaauh their duck / ducks
3′(p) ᐅᔒᔒᐱᔫᐦ ushiishiipimiyuuh his/her/their duck / ducks
When the -im suffix is used with dependent nouns. it has a special meaning. It means someone else’s.
ᐅᔥᑎᐧᑳᓐ Click here to hear this word ushtikwaan his/her head
ᐅᔥᑎᐧᑳᓂᒻ Click here to hear this word ushtikwaanim his/her (animal) head
Depending on the noun stem, the possessive -im suffix can show up as just -m, -um, -em, or -am, for example: ᓂᐙᐳᔓᒻ niwaapushum my hare/rabbit. Order of suffixes for possessed nouns:
personal + NOUN + possessive + personal + basic
prefix STEM suffix suffix suffix
Note: basic suffixes indicate gender, number, obviation, location and diminutive. For example, the possessed form of a diminutive noun that takes an extended stem will look like this:
ᔒᔒᐱᔥ ᓂᔒᔒᑉ
shiishiipish nishiishiipimish
a little duck my little duck
If you want to indicate the name of the possessor in a Cree sentence, it will appear to the left of the possessed noun. For example:
ᐋᓃ ᐅᒥᓯᓂᐦᐄᑭᓐ ᐊᐧᐋᔑᔑᒡ ᐅᒥᓯᓂᐦᐄᑭᓂᐙᐤᐦ
aanii umisinihiikin awaashishich umisinihiikiniwaauh
Annie’s book The kids’ books
(literally: Annie, her book) (literally: kids, their books)
ᐋᓃ ᐅᔒᔒᐱᒻᐦ ᐊᐗᔑᔑᒡ ᐅᔒᔒᐱᒥᐙᐤᐦ
aanii ushiishiipimh awashishich ushiishiipimiwaauh
Annie’s duck(s) The kids’ duck(s)
(literally: Annie, her duck(s)) (literally: kids, their duck(s))
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